Summer bodies aren’t the only things that are made in the winter. Clear skin is as well. As seasons change and the days get shorter, now's the perfect time to tackle one of the most common skin concerns: hyperpigmentation. Whether you're dealing with post-inflammatory marks from acne or sunspots from traveling this summer, the cooler weather provides the ideal environment for fading these blemishes. In this Get in the Know, we'll explore tips, tricks, and product recommendations to help you on this journey to clearer, more radiant skin.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when certain parts of the skin become darker than the surrounding skin due to the overproduction of melanin, the pigment responsible for skin color. Here are some of the most common:
Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH): This is probably the most common, especially among darker skin tones, type of hyperpigmentation there is. Caused when the skin experiences inflammation or injury, PIH are dark spots that linger after an acne breakout, eczema, or skin injuries (i.e. cuts, burns).
Sunspots (AKA Solar Lentigines): These are caused by prolonged sun exposure and appear as small, flat, dark spots on sun exposed areas. They're common on the face, hands, arms, and shoulders
Melasma: Often triggered by hormonal changes (and sometimes sun exposure), melasma results in larger, patchy areas of hyperpigmentation (typically on the face). It can vary in color from a range of brown to grayish.
Ways to Combat Hyperpigmentation
- Sunscreen is still non-negotiable. We've heard this several times, but it is very crucial even in the fall and winter to wear sunscreen. UV rays can heavily still contribute to hyperpigmentation. Using a broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF 30 or higher daily can help tremendously with protecting your skin on exposed areas.
- Don’t forget to exfoliate. Gently exfoliating your skin can encourage cell turnover, get rid of that dead skin, and fade hyperpigmentation. We put emphasis on gently because too much exfoliation may cause inflammation. If you are dealing with PIH, you want to be careful to not cause more injury to the skin. Consider using ingredients like glycolic acid and lactic acid for your face/body, as well as body serums and scrubs. The best usage rate for exfoliation is 2-3 times a week to avoid over-exfoliation.
- Brightening serums are there for us. The purpose of a serum is to provide concentrated amounts of ingredients in one product. Finding a serum that contains ingredients such as vitamin C, mulberry extract, alpha-arbutin, licorice root extract, and niacinamide will not only address the issue of dark spots, but also help wih dull complexion.
- Dry skin doesn't heal. Especially if you are dealing with PIH, well hydrated skin is needed to support the healing process. Consider using a moisturizer containing hyaluronic acid or ceramides.
- Derma rolling goes a long way. This tool can help fade hyperpigmentation by stimulating collagen production, improving product absorption, and enhancing blood circulation. Not everyone is suitable for this. If you have
Lemon Créme Brightening Scrub - You can control the level of exfoliation through how much water is on the skin. Contains brightening and soothing ingredients like lemon oil and white tea extract.
Brightening Therapy Serum - Contains vitamin C, licorice root extract, alpha-arbutin, and camu camu extract. It's gentle and suitable for every skin type.
RE Elixir - It contains pomegranate enzymes to gently exfoliate, as well as brightening ingredients such as licorice root extract and acerola bioferment (a natural vitamin C).
HYA-Intensive Moisturizer - Contains hyaluronic acid in two weights to penetrate and hydrate the skin on multiple levels.
PIH Kit - This was curated for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Contains the Brightening Therapy Serum, RE Elixir, HYA-Intensive Moisturizer, and the Black Dermaroller (0.25 mm).
Mulberry Buckthorn Gel Mask - A relaxing mask that contains brightening ingredients such as mulberry, sea buckthorn, and licorice root extract.
Fading hyperpigmentation takes time and patience, but with the right skincare routine and products, you can achieve a more even-Toned complexion. Protect your skin with sunscreen, exfoliate, use targeted treatments/serums, and keep your skin hydrated. Remember consistency is key. It will not happen overnight, but it will happen. Regardless, hyperpigmentation affects many people, and it is completely okay to have it. Embracing it, yet taking of it, is a positive step towards self-care.